# How Prop 13 advantages Los Angeles apartment owners

How would you like to be in a business where the law dictates that your biggest expense grows more slowly than your revenue? That’s what happens for owners of rent controlled apartment buildings with under-market tenants in Los Angeles.

Here’s how:

As an apartment building owner, your biggest operating expense every year is the property tax bill. For example: In 2010, for my first apartment building (a 16 unit building near Silverlake in LA – read about it here), out of operating expenses of around \$62,000, property tax came to around \$14,000 (22% of total expenses). The next largest individual expense lines were utilities, at around \$12,000 (this building has one gas meter and I pay it- ouch) and general repairs, at around \$7,000. Nothing else was more than \$4,000.

Ah, but what about rents? Under Los Angeles’ rent control (called the Rent Stabilization Ordinance), annual rent increases for rent-controlled buildings (anything built before mid 1978) are limited to between 3-8%, with the actual number determined by a committee each year.

Imagine you buy a small building for \$350,000. Maybe you have four one bedroom units that could rent for \$1,000 on the open market, but you have tenants paying \$700 and they have the right to stay forever. Bummer, right?

Not necessarily — check the numbers: In year one, your property taxes are 1.25% x \$350,000 = \$4,375. Let’s assume your other expenses are around \$7,400 (I’ll explain this assumption in a later post). Your total expenses (before mortgage payments) are therefore \$11,775.

Your rents are \$700 x 4 units x 12 months = \$33,600.

So your net profit (again, before mortgage) is \$33,600 in rent – \$11,775 in expenses = \$21,825. Not bad.

Now, let’s zoom ahead 10 years. We’ll make the following assumptions: Property taxes grow by 2% per year (by law!). Rents grow by the minimum legal amount in Los Angeles (3%). Other expenses also grow by 3%.

Here’s what your profit and loss statement looks like now: Rents have risen to \$45,155. Property tax is up to \$5,333. Other expenses are now \$9,945. So your operating profit before paying your mortgage is now \$29,877. That’s around \$8,000 more per year in your bank account!

And here’s the best part: This building is a piece of cake to own. It’s like a savings bond with upside. Your tenants NEVER move out, because their rents have remained at least 30% below market the entire time.You just collect the rent, make sure the place is in decent shape, pay the bills, and collect your profits every year.

In the unlikely event a tenant moves out, you throw a party and raise the rent by \$300 per month, adding an additional \$3,600 to your annual profit.

It’s amazing how that 1% difference in growth rate of rents and property taxes makes so much difference to your bottom line. For that, you can thank Prop 13.